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antacid drugs

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antacid drugs

مُساهمة  sahar في 2/1/2009, 19:39

Why is Antacids prescribed?
Available under a number of brand names, antacids are used to relieve the uncomfortable symptoms of acid indigestion, heartburn, gas, and sour stomach.


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Most important fact about Antacids
Do not take antacids for longer than 2 weeks or in larger than recommended doses unless directed by your doctor. If your symptoms persist, contact your doctor. Antacids should be used only for occasional relief of stomach upset.



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How should you take Antacids?
If you take a chewable antacid tablet, chew thoroughly before swallowing so that the medicine can work faster and be more effective. Allow Mylanta Soothing Lozenges to completely dissolve in your mouth. Shake liquids well before using.

--If you miss a dose...

Take this medication only as needed or as instructed by your doctor.

--Storage instructions...

Store at room temperature. Keep liquids tightly closed and protect from freezing.


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What side effects may occur?
When taken as recommended, antacids are relatively free of side effects. Occasionally, one of the following symptoms may develop.

More common side effects may include:
Chalky taste, constipation, diarrhea, increased thirst, stomach cramps

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Why should Antacids not be prescribed?
Do not take antacids if you have signs of appendicitis or an inflamed bowel; symptoms include stomach or lower abdominal pain, cramping, bloating, soreness, nausea, or vomiting.

If you are sensitive to or have ever had an allergic reaction to aluminum, calcium, magnesium, or simethicone, do not take an antacid containing these ingredients. If you are elderly and have bone problems or if you are taking care of an elderly person with Alzheimer's disease, do not use an antacid containing aluminum.


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Special warnings about Antacids
If you are taking any prescription drug, check with your doctor before you take an antacid. Also, tell your doctor or pharmacist about any drug allergies or medical conditions you have.

If you have kidney disease, do not take an antacid containing aluminum or magnesium. If you are on a sodium-restricted diet, do not take Gaviscon without checking first with your doctor or pharmacist.
Possible food and drug interactions when taking Antacids
If antacids are taken with certain other medications, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your doctor before combining antacids with the following:

Cellulose sodium phosphate (Calcibind)
Isoniazid (Rifamate)
Ketoconazole (Nizoral)
Mecamylamine (Inversine)
Methenamine (Mandelamine)
Sodium polystyrene sulfonate resin (Kayexalate)
Tetracycline antibiotics (Achromycin, Minocin)



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Special information if you are pregnant or breastfeeding
As with all medications, ask your doctor or health care professional whether it is safe for you to use antacids while you are pregnant or breastfeeding.


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Recommended dosage
ADULTS


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Take antacids according to the following schedules, or as directed by your doctor.

Gaviscon and Gaviscon Extra Strength Relief Formula Chewable Tablets

Chew 2 to 4 tablets 4 times a day after meals and at bedtime or as needed. Follow with half a glass of water or other liquid. Do not swallow the tablets whole.

Gaviscon Extra Strength Relief Formula Liquid

Take 2 to 4 teaspoonfuls 4 times a day after meals and at bedtime. Follow with half a glass of water or other liquid.

Gaviscon Liquid

Take 1 or 2 tablespoonfuls 4 times a day after meals and at bedtime. Follow with half a glass of water.

Maalox Antacid Caplets

Take 1 caplet as needed. Swallow the tablets whole; do not chew them.

Maalox Heartburn Relief Chewable Tablets

Chew 2 to 4 tablets after meals and at bedtime. Follow with half a glass of water or other liquid.

Maalox Heartburn Relief Suspension, Maalox Magnesia and Alumina Oral Suspension, and Extra Strength Maalox Antacid Plus Anti-Gas Suspension

Take 2 to 4 teaspoonfuls 4 times a day, 20 minutes to 1 hour after meals and at bedtime.

Maalox Plus Chewable Tablets

Chew 1 to 4 tablets 4 times a day, 20 minutes to 1 hour after meals and at bedtime.

Extra Strength Maalox Antacid Plus Anti-Gas Chewable Tablets

Chew 1 to 3 tablets 20 minutes to 1 hour after meals and at bedtime


عدل سابقا من قبل sahar في 2/1/2009, 20:16 عدل 2 مرات
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sahar

عدد الرسائل : 133
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تاريخ التسجيل : 23/12/2008

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رد: antacid drugs

مُساهمة  T2 و ت2 في 3/1/2009, 03:30

مشكورة ياسحر علي المجهود الرائع!!
بس كالعاده عندي شوية أسئلة ياريت تردي عليها للفائدة العلمية....
why antacid is contraindicated 4 pts suffering from appendicitis? ehat's relation between aluminum & Alzehimer??
By the way "Simeticone" agent that found in the antacid's combination is only valuable for relieve of flatulence"bloating"........t2
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T2 و ت2

عدد الرسائل : 399
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تاريخ التسجيل : 28/11/2008

معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

رد: antacid drugs

مُساهمة  alfatih hamad في 3/1/2009, 18:04

مشكورة يا دكتورة

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alfatih hamad
الادارة
الادارة

عدد الرسائل : 787
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تاريخ التسجيل : 28/10/2008

معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

رد: antacid drugs

مُساهمة  sahar في 6/1/2009, 18:49

Aluminium (Al) is clearly a powerful neurotoxicant. Considerable evidence exists that Al may play a role in the aetiology or pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), but whether the link is causal is still open to debate.
may complicate existing condition; laxative or constipating effects may increase danger of perforation or rupture دا بالنسبة لالتهاب الزائدة
مشكورين علي المرور
avatar
sahar

عدد الرسائل : 133
رقم الدفعه : 9
نقاط : 3200
تاريخ التسجيل : 23/12/2008

معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة


 
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